Mostly a lifelong symptom once it sets in, thyroid disorders are
Hypothyroidism – a disorder that occurs when thyroid gland does
produce enough thyroid hormones to fulfil body’s needs
Hyperhyroidism – a disorder that occurs when thyroid gland
than required amount of thyroid hormones in the body (overactive
Hypothyroidism is more common thyroid disorder and is on a
due to various reasons including lifestyle issues.
The main treatment of hypothyroidism is taking thyroxine
every day without fail. Not sticking to the dosage of the
advised by Doctor is not recommended and should be avoided for
effective treatment or else symptoms may remain as it is or even
Diet and lifestyle changes do work in managing and controlling
thyroid-related conditions. Thyroid diseases usually arise as
of poor diet, lifestyle stress and other lifestyle related
changes that can help in managing the thyroid disorder are:
Less Sugar = Less worries
Yes, the lesser the amount of sugar consumed the better life you
live. Excessive sugar consumption leads to increased
inflammation in the
body. Inflammation slows down the conversion of T4 to T3 or
triiodothyronine, the active thyroid hormone thus worsening the
of Hypothyroidism. Thus, decreasing the consumption of sugar and
processed foods can be the first step towards a healthier
Exercise – Sweat it out!
Exercise can assist in your thyroid treatment plan by helping
stress, reducing symptoms of depression, and maintaining a
lifestyle. Exercise releases feel-good hormones called
helps in feeling physically and emotionally better.
It is recommended to concentrate on cardio exercises, for better
Iodine is bliss
Iodine is an essential nutrient for the body, and thyroid
quite dependent on iodine, thus those lacking enough iodine in
diet may also suffer from hypothyroidism. The resultant outcome
as Goitre. (This is a swelling in the neck resulting from an
thyroid gland. A goitre can be associated with a thyroid that is
functioning properly. Worldwide, over 90% of goitre cases are
Intake of adequate iodine helps in proper thyroid gland
Iodised salt, seafood like fish, shrimps, tuna, seaweed and
products like milk, yogurt, and cheese are good sources of
Focus on Vitamins and Minerals intake
Vitamin-B Complex, Selenium and other trace elements play a
in overall wellness of the body and hormonal production. Speak
doctor if you are found to have any vitamin or mineral
Strength and Muscles go a long way
Increasing muscle mass increases the BMR (Basal Metabolic Rate)
helping to curb the weight gain caused by thyroid disorder.
and lethargy also vanish in a woof!!
Hypothyroidism is usually associated with occurrence of
anxious thoughts in the patients. Meditation can be one of the
ways to deal with one’s thoughts and gain mental peace.
Gluten – free diet
Association of celiac diseases with hypothyroidism is
is one of the causative factors for celiac disease. Gluten is a
found in foods processed from wheat, barley and other grains.
gluten from diet will help in relieving symptoms associated with
disease and hypothyroidism.
Control Alcohol intake
Excessive alcohol consumption messes up with thyroid function.
alcohol occasionally in moderation does not cause any notable
Foods that are a big NO-NO
Soy based foods, cruciferous vegetables like cauliflower,
broccoli, high fibre diet, processed foods, frozen meats should
avoided to improve thyroid health.
While medication are a must for immediate relief and proper
for hypothyroidism but maintaining, a healthy lifestyle will
help in curbing and managing the symptoms in the long run.
Wishing you a very Happy and Healthy Life. Take care.
Contributed by Dr. Bhavana Sontakke, Leading Gynaecologist and